Ch.19 - The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twenty-first...

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Unformatted text preview: The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twenty-first Century 1980-2008 The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twenty-first Century 1980-2008 No longer single universal style Style tribe fashions made their way into the mainstream Fashion influenced by current events, political conflicts, celebrities, motion pictures, television, environmental concerns, demographic changes, and vintage styles Labels = status symbol Designing, showing, & manufacturing fashion spread worldwide Internet provided new ways to follow, acquire, and manage manufacturing in far away locations Historical Background End of the Cold War The Soviet Communist Government collapses in 1991 Replaced by Russian Republic and moved from Communism to a capitalistic democracy First popular democratic election of a president in 1996, Boris Yeltsin Historical Background European Union Encouragement of trade and investment among EEC members All border controls removed between Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany and the Netherlands allowing citizens of these countries to cross borders without any passport check European Monetary Union established one currency, the euro, which EEC members have to meet tough economic standards to use 2008 EU membership included 27 countries Historical Background The Middle East The Persian Gulf War ended in 1991 with the retaking of Kuwait from conquering Iraq The peace process between the Israelis and the Palestinians continued with alternating periods of agreement and disagreement and by 2008 peace was nowhere in sight After attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 the United States and UK attacked Afghanistan and Iraq Historical Background Japanese Economic Influence Japanese competition in automobiles and electronics forced American producers to renovate plants, cut payrolls, and introduce new technologies, including robotics Some plants moved operations outside the country in search of cheaper labor Japanese couture and ready to wear houses in Paris, New York and other major cities around the world Japan became the major economic competitor to the United States By 2001, Japans financial situation was close to catastrophe Benefits to Japans deflation included discounting, which became prevalent and discount stores multiplied Japanese fashion designers became fashion leaders and cosplay, adolescent Japanese street clothing inspired by Japanese cartoons and animation, spread beyond Japan Historical Background US Political and Economic Developments President Ronald Reagan, 1980-1988 President George H. W. Bush, 1988-1992 President Bill Clinton, 1992-2000 George W. Bush, 2000-2008 What are they known for? Historical Background Energy and Environmental Issues Small ozone hole over the Arctic Global warming increasing due to human activity and the need to decrease carbon dioxide emissions is being recognized internationally...
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Ch.19 - The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twenty-first...

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