THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
The low quality of education in the Philippines has become a perennial concern for the
government and all sectors of the society. Throughout history, our society has south to educate
their people to produce goods and services, to respond affectively in their world and to satisfy
their curiosity and aesthetic impulse. To achieve any of these objectives people need to acquire
reliable knowledge and to think systematically. Education has appeared in many shapes, both
formal and informal. The formal venue of knowledge acquisition is in the field of education.
School effects on student achievement have long been become an accepted fact.
There are renewed pressures to improve the quality of education in the Philippines,
specifically in the field of science and technology for us to cope up with the impact of a rapidly
changing technological world. There are many signs that all is not well. The sad state of science
education in the Philippines has brought about urgent calls for reforms.
Article XIV, section 10 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution which states, “Science and
technology are essential for national development and progress. The state shall give priority to
research and development, invention, innovation, and their utilization and to science and
technology education, training and services. It should support indigenous, appropriate, and self-