medicinal bugs and bees_1

medicinal bugs and bees_1 - a The aleppa gall from a wasp...

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Medicinal bugs and bees 1. Beetles to clean mammal skeletons in museums a. Dermestid beetles – eat skin and hair off of heads 2. Fruit Flies and genetic research a. Little flies/HUGE freaking genes b. Reproduce quickly 3. Medicinal leeches a. First used 2.500 years ago in Egypt b. Later barbers used them to treat all kinds of ailments from headaches to stomach aches c. It was thought that leeches would drain “impure blood” from the body, thereby curing illness d. Leeches were used on George Washington 4. Anesthetics a. Leeches and ticks inject an anesthetic and an anticoagulant before feeding on blood in saliva b. These are being studied fro medicinal uses c. Tick bites can cause paralysis until the tick is removed (on TV show House) 5. Tannin galls a. Growth on a plant in response to an isect or mite feeding or laying an egg in the plant tissue. b. Provides food and protection for the insect c. Tannins, tannic acid d. Called gallnuts oak galls or oak apple galls 6. Ink (Aleppo) galls
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Unformatted text preview: a. The aleppa gall from a wasp oviposition on an oak tree has been used since the time of the Greeks as a non-fading ink b. It was also used for hair dye and a medicine c. Gall ink was used to write kosher torah scrolls d. It is also used by the US Treasury in the formula for money ink 7. Lac Scale (shellac) a. Lac is the basic ingredient of an amazing list of articles, stiffening agents in toes/shoes of shoes and felt hats, polishes, fruit coating apples, lithographic innk, glaxes in confections (candiesmedicines) records, playing card, mascara, b. Lac scale b.i. Native to India and Berma b.ii. Found on fig-type trees b.iii. Shellac used since 1200 BC 8. Silk a. From silkworm larvae or spiders typically b. Dragline spider silk is actually stronger than Kevlar synthetic fiber and Kevlar is several times stronger than steel c. Today techniques commonly employed to recreate silk’s properties...
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