MUSICOLOGY NOTES - MUSICOLOGY NOTES FOR EXAM#3 Romanticism Unholy marriage of music as religion and music as business 19c Art Song Lied(plural

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MUSICOLOGY NOTES FOR EXAM #3 Romanticism: Unholy marriage of music as religion and music as business 19c Art Song Lied (plural, Lieder) = “song” in German, transformed in 19c Schubert (1797-1828) Before Schubert, Lied was Sociable activity for amateurs Seen as expression of primeval purity, naturalness (J. Rousseau, 1712-1778) to be simple, folk like in form and style (strophic settings, simple tune and harmony) With Schubert, Lied became more flexible in musical expression more elaborate in melody and accompaniment more serious , Romantic, elevated in poetic content (better poetry: Goethe, Schiller) ex. Schubert, “Gretchen am Spinnrade” (1814, from Goethe’s Faust, act 1) Schubert, “erikonig” Ballads mixed narration, dialogue lyrical reflection, dramatic often horrendous events Schubert’s setting emphasizes threatening setting 4 distinct characters Human vs. supernatural Sock ending To create virtual operatic scene. Durchkomponiert (through-composed), not strophic Accpt figure conveys overall mood of horror and urgency (hoofbeats?) Distinct key areas and transitions (as in sonata) Narrator’s speeches in minor tonic Eriking “speaks” in major Dialogues of father and son modulate; they change Dramatic return to tonic 3/9 Schubert’s setting emphasizes Threatening setting 4 distinct “characters” Human vs. supernatural Shock ending -to create virtual operatic scene, Durchkomoponiert (through-composed), not strophic Accompaniment figure conveys overall mood of horror and urgency (hoofbeats?) Distinct key areas and transitions (as in sonata) Narrator’s speeches in minor tonic Eriking “speaks” in major Dialogues of father and son modulate; they change -Dramatic return to tonic Schubert’s song cycles: The lovely miller-girl (20 songs)
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The winter’s journey (24 songs) Both deal w/ unrequited love of outcast wanderer, at home nowhere. Schumann -Succeeded Schubert; Lied as psychologist, dramatic interpretation of poetry -Strong literary background -1840 “song year” included Dichterliebe (poet’s love) to poetry by Heine (1797-1856), the master of irony 16 poems of unrequited love Each poem a complex, elusive psychological image Piano plays crucial role 19c Piano Piece Piano improved in 1820s Felt-covered hammers (instead of leather) Metal frame (instead of wood) Double escapement action (swifter key response) Louder, faster, more singing tone and delicate shading sharper contrasts. Composers took advantage Piano sonatas out, lyric pieces in. Lyric pieces featured
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course MUSICOLOGY 121 taught by Professor Whiting during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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MUSICOLOGY NOTES - MUSICOLOGY NOTES FOR EXAM#3 Romanticism Unholy marriage of music as religion and music as business 19c Art Song Lied(plural

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