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musicology - 1.7.11 Melody For ancient Greeks music...

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1.7.11 Melody For ancient Greeks, music comprised of words, rhythm, and melody Rhythm speaks to the body, and to physical motion Words speak to the mind Melody speaks to the heart Melody comprises of pitches Pitches is a property of any tone Pitch – the relative highness or lowness of a tone, that is, speed of vibration Pitch can be Indefinite – relative highness or lowness is perceptible but hard to measure (e.g., most drums; hand clapping, noise); Definite (sustained) – relative highness or lowness can be measured exactly Sliding – continuously changing (e.g., human speech, sirens) Definite Pitch measured in cycles per second (frequency, hertz). Human ear: 20 hz to 20,000 hz Identified with letters, A-G Interval , the relationship between 2 pitches o Melodic (2 pitches heard in succession) o Harmonic (2 pitches heard simultaneously) o Can be small (narrow) or large (wide) Melody , a coherent succession of definite pitches o Melody enhances our experience of language o All melodies have  Type of motion : conjunct (stepwise) or disjunct (skips & leaps)  Range: distance between highest & lowest pitches (narrow or wide)  Shape or contour o Melodies consist of phrases o Phrases : unit of meaning in language; in music, motion toward a goal, point of repose, articulation, called a cadence. Degrees of finality:  Half-cadence less conclusive (like a comma)  Full cadence more conclusive (like a period) o Phrases (units of meaning) must be convincingly related to convey musical meaning of the whole melody 1/10 Rhythm- action unfolding in time Music depends on silence because it begins with silence and then ends in silence Silence, music, silence, unfolds with time Greek meaning “to flow”
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Rhythm consists of duration Duration may form patterns Patterns may help us identify beat (pulse) Meter (pattern of strong and weak beats): o Background for rhythm o Duple meter (strong—weak, strong –weak ) o Triple meter (strong –weak – weak) o Quadruple meter o Quintuple meter o Can be felt at several levels at once Tempo: o Pulse-rate of musical action o Slow or fast (cf. durations: long or short) Rhythm and meter not the same Kinds of motion (change) in music: o Vibration produces tone o
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