8th lecture - Consciousness Part Two Altered Levels of...

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Consciousness Part Two
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Altered Levels of Consciousness Hypnosis: systematic procedure that typically produces a heightened sense of susceptibility Various factors involved in hypnosis Anesthesia Sensory distortions Disinhibition Post-hypnotic amnesia
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Hilgard Altered level of consciousness; dissociation Spanos Subjects interpret their behavior as caused by something other than self Rituals surrounding hypnosis increase suggestibility and create expectations Hypnotic subjects are those more likely to be absorbed in fantasy
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Summation of Spano’s beliefs: Hypnosis represents a voluntary action, brought about by expectations Hypnotic behaviors are highly motivated, goal directed social behaviors Hypnosis is not truly an altered state of consciousness Good hypnotic subjects are suggestible
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Altered States: The Impact of Drugs on Consciousness
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Psychoactive Drugs: a substance that affects perception, mood, thinking, memory or behavior by changing the body’s chemistry Tolerance: the progressive decrease in a person’s responsiveness to a drug
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Dependence: Psychological Dependence: person must continue to take a drug to satisfy emotional cravings Physical Dependence: person must continue to take to avoid withdrawal illness
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Categories of Drugs Stimulants: speed up activity in the CNS Opiates/Narcotics: mimic endorphins, increase pleasure and decrease pain
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Depressants/Sedatives: slow down CNS activity, induce sleep, decrease activity Hallucinogens/Psychedelics: alter perception, distort sensory experiences
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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8th lecture - Consciousness Part Two Altered Levels of...

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