11- intelligence - Intelligence • Intelligence combines...

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Unformatted text preview: Intelligence • Intelligence: combines verbal ability, problem solving skills, and the ability to adapt and learn from life’s everyday experiences • Intelligence: historically defined by how we “measure” it • Alfred Binet: developed intelligence tests to identify slow learners – Mental Age: based on ability not chronological age • However, this formula for IQ was flawed. • A child with a mental age of 6 and chronological age of 5 would have the same IQ as a child with mental age of 12 and chronological age of 10 • Newer tests were developed with norms for all age groups based on a standard distribution • Stanford-Binet and Wechsler Intelligence Tests are still used today • Wechsler Intelligence Tests: – WPPSI: preschool – WISC: children – WAIS: adults • Results in a Verbal IQ, Performance IQ and Full Scale IQ score • Based on norms for the population: – 100 is the mean – Normal range: 85-115 • The Flynn Effect: James Flynn found that from one generation to the next, there have been steady gains in IQ scores cross culturally • Hypotheses: more time in school, better educated parents, better nutrition, broader exposure through media… • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale most recently revised in 2008 • Wechsler’s view of intelligence: “The global capacity of a person to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with his/her environment” • Test Revisions for the WAIS-IV (2008) identifies several scale scores • Verbal Comprehension Scale • Perceptual Reasoning Scale • Working Memory Scale • Processing Speed Scale • Sample of Verbal Subtests – Vocabulary : breadth of concepts, ideas, and experiences; plus correlated with overall IQ – Information : basic fund of information, culturally sensitive – Comprehension : awareness of socially appropriate behavior, rules, and roles – Similarities : verbal concept formation, level of abstraction – Arithmetic : concentration/attention; mathematical ability – Digit Span : attention and rote memory • Sample of Performance Subtests – Picture Completion : Visual organization and concentration – Block Design : perception and analysis of patterns – Digit Symbol : imitative behavior and learning capacity – *Visual Puzzles : perceptual reasoning (tangrams) – *Cancellation : processing speed (locate red square and yellow...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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11- intelligence - Intelligence • Intelligence combines...

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