11th lecture - Language and Thought Language: system of...

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Unformatted text preview: Language and Thought Language: system of symbols, sounds meanings and rules of combination that allow for communication among humans Benjamin Whorf: Linguistic relativity one’s language determines one’s thoughts • Structure of Language – Phonemes: smallest units of sounds which can be distinguished; change in sound can alter meaning “c” at or “b” at Initial phonemes b “i” t or b “a” t Middle phonemes-Morphemes: smallest units of meaning in a language; phrases made up of morphemes Semantics: the study of the meaning of words/combinations/sentences Syntax: the structure of a language, underlying rules of order/function Gleason Study: language rules are generative Overregularizations: grammatical rules incorrectly generalized to “exception” cases Language Acquisition Device: (Chomsky) • humans possess an inborn language mechanism • Hard-wired to sort input from 20-80 phonemes • Lose by 12 months • Surface structure: particular words used • Deep structure: notion of nouns, verbs, commands Chomsky believes languages differ only in surface structure • Expressive (productive) Language: the ability to produce language • Receptive Language: the ability to comprehend, process and integrate the meaning of language • Children usually have a greater capacity for receptive speech • Stages in Language Development – Crying – Cooing – Babbling – First Words – Holophrases • Overextensions – Telegraphic Speech: •...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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11th lecture - Language and Thought Language: system of...

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