17th lecture - Personality • Personality: a distinctive...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality • Personality: a distinctive pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that are consistent in an individual over time • Personality traits: long-term disposition to behave in particular ways in a variety of situations • Cattel’s Theory of Personality: – Studied traits using factor analysis – Developed the 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire – Examples: • McRae and Costa: Developed the “Big Five” personality traits; believe most personality traits fall under these categories. • Psychodynamic Theory – Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory – Focus on the influences of early childhood – Emphasis on unconscious motives/conflicts – Primary focus on sexual and aggressive urges Freud’s Basic Structures of Personality – Id: impulses/dominated by pleasure/avoid pain – Ego: “voice of reason”, mediator of id/superego, helps find compromises – Superego: moral component of personality; rigid standards • Defense Mechanisms: responses to anxiety which is caused by internal conflicts; attempts to reduce distress of anxiety/guilt – Examples of Defense Mechanisms • Displacement • Rationalization • Denial • Carl Jung – Analytical Psychology – Freudian influenced – Personal Unconscious: material which one has repressed or forgotten from personal...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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17th lecture - Personality • Personality: a distinctive...

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