18th lecture - Stress and Coping • Stress any...

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Unformatted text preview: Stress and Coping • Stress: any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well being • Stress has both psychological and physiological components • Frustration: the pursuit of a goal is prevented • Conflict: two or more competing and incompatible goals occur • Three general types of conflicts: – Approach-approach conflicts: a choice must be made between two desirable goals. The least stressful type of conflict – Avoidance-avoidance conflict: a choice must be made between two unattractive goals – Approach-avoidance conflict: a choice must be made about to achieve a goal which has both positive and negative attributes • Change: any notable difference in one’s life which requires adaptation. Both positive and negative life changes can be stressful. • Holmes and Rahe Social Readjustment Scale: – Death of a Spouse 100 points – Marital Reconciliation 45 points – Change in Financial Status 38 points • Pressure: expectations or demands that one behave in a particular manner • General Adaptation Syndrome (Selye) – All types of stressful situations lead to a similar stress response consisting of three stages. – Alarm: the body releases adrenal hormones, sympathetic nervous system is activated – Resistance: body is on “high alert” – Exhaustion: increased physiological vulnerability to stress • Kanner: also studied stress in terms of “daily hassles”; the sum total of mundane life tasks combine to create significant levels of stress. • Stressors associated with juggling multiple roles. clip • Coping: What strategies you use to buffer against the stress cycle. Active efforts to master, reduce or accept the demands created by stress. •...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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18th lecture - Stress and Coping • Stress any...

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