18th lecture - Stress and Coping Stress any circumstance...

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Stress and Coping
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Stress: any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well being Stress has both psychological and physiological components
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Frustration: the pursuit of a goal is prevented Conflict: two or more competing and incompatible goals occur Three general types of conflicts: Approach-approach conflicts: a choice must be made between two desirable goals. The least stressful type of conflict
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Avoidance-avoidance conflict: a choice must be made between two unattractive goals Approach-avoidance conflict: a choice must be made about to achieve a goal which has both positive and negative attributes
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Change: any notable difference in one’s life which requires adaptation. Both positive and negative life changes can be stressful. Holmes and Rahe Social Readjustment Scale: Death of a Spouse 100 points Marital Reconciliation 45 points Change in Financial Status 38 points
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Pressure: expectations or demands that one behave in a particular manner General Adaptation Syndrome (Selye) All types of stressful situations lead to a similar stress response consisting of three stages. Alarm: the body releases adrenal hormones, sympathetic nervous system is activated Resistance: body is on “high alert” Exhaustion: increased physiological vulnerability to stress
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Kanner: also studied stress in terms of “daily hassles”; the sum total of mundane life tasks combine to create significant levels of stress. Stressors associated with juggling multiple roles. clip Coping: What strategies you use to buffer against the stress cycle. Active efforts to master, reduce or accept the demands created by stress.
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