032411-personality - Personality Personality: a distinctive...

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Personality Personality: a distinctive pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that are consistent in an individual over time Personality traits: long-term disposition to behave in particular ways in a variety of situations Cattel’s Theory of personality Studies traits using factor analysis Developed the 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire Examples: reserved-outgoing; relaxed-tense; trusting-suspicious McRae and Costa : Developed the “Big Five” Personality traits; believe most personality traits fall under these categories Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Psychodynamic Theory Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Focus on the influences of early childhood Emphasis on unconscious motives/conflicts Primary focus on sexual and aggressive urges Freud’s Basic Structures of Personality Id: Impulses/dominated by pleasure/avoid pain Ego: “voice of reason”, mediator of id/superego, helps find compromises Superego: moral component of personality; rigid standards
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Defense Mechanisms : responses to anxiety which is caused by internal conflicts; attempts to reduce distress of anxiety/guilt Ex: Displacement, Rationalization, Denial Carl Jung Analytical Psychology Freudian influenced o Personal Unconscious
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032411-personality - Personality Personality: a distinctive...

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