221slide05 - Always consult the patient, resident or client...

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Therapeutic Diets Types 2. Modified Texture/Mechanically Altered 3. Soft 4. Fiber Diets 5. Low Sodium 6. Diabetic/ADA/NCS 7. Cardiac 8. Renal
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Purpose: Transitional diets intended to supply fluids and calories requiring minimal digestion and GI stimulation. Clear Full
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Modified Texture/ Mechanically Altered Diets Purpose: To minimize the amount of chewing & to ease swallowing
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Soft Diet Purpose: Ease digestion after surgery for postoperative patients unable to tolerate the regular diet
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Low Fiber Diet Purpose: Prevent blockage of the GI tract & reduce frequency of fecal output
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High Fiber Diet Purpose: Used in prevention or treatment of diverticular disease, hypercholesterolemia, colon CA, irritable bowel disease and obesity
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Low Sodium Diet Purpose: Used in prevention or treatment of high blood pressure (HTN), or fluid retention (renal disease).
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Cardiac Diet Purpose: Treatment of hypercholesterolemia, elevated triglycerides, CAD
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ADA Diet Purpose: Treatment of diabetes, control of blood glucose
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Renal Diets Purpose: Treatment of renal disease symptoms
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Renal Diets High phosphorus foods:
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Renal Diets High potassium foods:
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Cultural Food Considerations in Menu Planning 1. Jewish & Muslim traditions: Kosher Diets 1. Seventh Day Adventist 2. Asian
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Cultural Considerations
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Unformatted text preview: Always consult the patient, resident or client about his/her personal preferences Cultural Considerations Kosher = Fit or proper to eat Acceptable for Jewish and Muslim practices Cultural Considerations Acceptable for Jewish and Muslim practices cont. Neutral or Pareve foods: Cultural Considerations Unacceptable for Jewish and Muslim practices Cultural Considerations Acceptable Seventh Day practices Vegetarian Diet Prohibited foods Cultural Considerations Acceptable Asian practices Healthy Food Preparation Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 Food Guide Pyramid Healthy Food Preparation Fat Reduction Strategies Fat Reduction Strategies cont. Healthy Food Preparation Purchasing Eliminate less desirable ingredients such as tropical oils, hydrogenated shortening, whole milk Add more desirable ingredients such as skim/low-fat milk, non-fat sour cream, non-fat cottage cheese, non/low-fat cheeses & lean cuts of meat, low salt products Provide whole grain products to increase fiber Provide flavorful fruit and vegetable selection READ LABELS Healthy Food Preparation Preparation Choose methods of cooking that do not require addition of fats/oils:...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course NUTR 221 taught by Professor Heathergraham during the Spring '11 term at Truckee Meadows Community College.

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221slide05 - Always consult the patient, resident or client...

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