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Unformatted text preview: COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH By Yair Davidiy [Jeremiah 1:1] THE WORDS OF JEREMIAH THE SON OF HILKIAH, OF THE PRIESTS THAT WERE IN ANATHOTH IN THE LAND OF BENJAMIN: Jeremiah was a “Cohen” meaning a Priest descended from Aaron and belonging to the Tribe of Levi. Anathoth was just north of Jerusalem. [Jeremiah 1:2] TO WHOM THE WORD OF THE LORD CAME IN THE DAYS OF JOSIAH THE SON OF AMON KING OF JUDAH, IN THE THIRTEENTH YEAR OF HIS REIGN. King Josiah son of Amon (628-609) ruled AFTER the Lost Ten Tribes had been exiled in the period ca.730-720 BCE. [We are using conventionally accepted dating even though we do not really accept it]. King Josiah instituted a religious reform and began to bring the people of Judah back to Torah. He also established contact with the Lost Ten Tribes in their places of Exile. In his reign a few of the exiled Israelites returned temporarily. They made some attempt to re-establish settlements in their former lands. The Lost Ten Tribes are identifiable as Scythians. Under King Josiah Beth-Shean in northern Israel became a Scythian center. Colonies of Judaeans and Israelites were also established in the coastal areas of the south and east. The Philistines had contested these regions. During the reign of King Josiah (or shortly before it) the Scythians took effective control over much of the Assyrian Empire. It will be remembered that The Northern Israelites had been exiled. They had become identified with part of the Cimmerian, Scythian, and Gothic forces. Most of The Cimmerians moved into Europe while the Scythians and Gothics remained together for a period in the Middle East. They rebelled against Assyria who came to terms with them. From allies of Assyria the Scythians proceeded to take partial control of the Assyrian Empire. Towards the end of the reign of King Josiah the Scythian hold on the Empire began to weaken. The Medes and Babylonians formed an alliance against Assyria. The Scythians (“Umman-Manda”: = People of Menasseh) moved to assist the Assyrians but were persuaded to change sides. Nineveh was conquered in 612 BCE with the Scythians playing the major role in the destruction of the city. Remnants of the Assyrian military retreated westward to Haran. Harran was captured and destroyed by the Scythians in 610 BCE. The Assyrians retreated further to Carchemish where they attempted to recoup. They formed an alliance with Pharaoh Necho of Egypt who agreed to come to their aid at Carchemish. Carchemish was in northwest Syria near the coast. King Josiah of Judah attempted to stop Pharoah Neco from advancing northward. He was killed in the attempt in ca. 605 BCE. Pharoah Neco continued northward where a mainly Babylonian force under Nebuchadnezzar defeated him. King Josiah had met the Egyptian forces at Megiddo where he was slain. He was killed fighting on behalf of his Scythian Israelite allies. After his death the small incipient Israelite-Scythian settlements were abandoned and their inhabitants mostly returned to their places of exile. mostly returned to their places of exile....
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