Sunni-Shia Debate

Sunni-Shia Debate - Sunni-Shia strife has seen a major...

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Sunni-Shia strife has seen a major uptick, particularly in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Many explain the bloodshed as the work of conspiracies by outsiders - "the forces of hegemony and Zionism which aim to weaken Islam" ( Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Yusuf al-Qaradawi ), unspecified "enemies" (Iran president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ), or American neo-liberals who wish to provoke "a debilitating Islamic civil war." ( Dilip Hiro ). Others lay the blame for the strife at a very different source, the unintended effects of the Islamic revival . According to scholar Vali Nasr, as the Muslim world was decolonialised and Arab nationalism lost its appeal, fundamentalism blossomed and reasserted the differences and conflicts between the two movements, particularly in the strict teachings of Sunni scholar Ibn Taymiyyah . The Iranian Islamic revolution, changed the Shia-Sunni power equation in Muslim countries "from Lebanon to India" arousing the traditionally subservient Shia to the alarm of traditionally dominant and very non-revolutionary Sunni. "Where Iranian
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ECON 143 taught by Professor Robert during the Winter '11 term at Lock Haven.

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