cult ch12 notes

cult ch12 notes - CHAPTER 12 LIVING IN MULTICULTURAL WORLDS...

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CHAPTER 12 – LIVING IN MULTICULTURAL WORLDS Difficulties in Studying Acculturation Acculturation = process by which people migrate to and learn a culture that is different from their original (or heritage) culture Acculturating individuals have such widely varying experiences o People move to a new country for many reasons o People move to dramatically different kinds of environments o People move to cultures that vary in their similarity to their heritage culture o Different individuals have very different personalities, goals, and expectations that affect their acculturation experiences What Happens When People Move to a New Culture? Changes in Attitudes Toward the Host Culture Studies have explored how migrants’ psychological adjustment to new cultures unfolds across time Migrants = those who move from a heritage culture to a host culture; include sojourners and immigrants Heritage culture = migrants’ original culture Host culture = migrants’ new culture Sojourners = those who intend to stay only temporarily Immigrants = those who intend to move permanently Acculturation curve = U-shaped curve o Y-axis = how positive the migrants feel toward their host country o Honeymoon Stage = in initial few months of their experiences; positive time in their visit; enjoying new experiences; meeting new people; trying new foods; communicating with people in a foreign language; feeling the excitement of participating in a novel and exotic environment; keeps the tourism industry in business o Crisis or Culture Shock Stage = increasingly negative views toward their host culture; between 6 and 18 months; realize that their language skills are not yet good enough for them to fully function in the new environment; do not have a rich enough understanding of how the system works to thrive; no longer so interested in those differences with people they initially met; don’t have enough knowledge or understanding to fully participate in the conversations; homesickness can become quite strong o Adjustment Stage = language abilities improved, enabling them to function better in their daily lives; became better able to make enduring friendships with the locals; adapted to things in the new culture; started to think more and more like the locals around them; extend over a number of years; become more and more proficient at functioning in their new culture Culture shock = feeling of being anxious, helpless, irritable, and in general, homesick that one experiences on moving to a new culture U-shaped adjustment curve is not limited to being in a foreign country; sojourners can go through same adjustment stages after they return to their home country and experience “reverse culture shock” Reverse culture shock = do not feel at home anymore; feel somewhat alienated from those around them; home culture often does not seem quite the same as they remembered it; no longer an especially good fit U-shaped curve does not characterize the adjustment pattern of everyone’s experiences; initial
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cult ch12 notes - CHAPTER 12 LIVING IN MULTICULTURAL WORLDS...

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