Chapter 5- Theories of Gender Development

Chapter 5- Theories of Gender Development - Chapter 5...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5- Theories of Gender Development - Developing Gender identity: how individuals come to identify themselves as male or female. controversial - Social learning theory: importance of models and experiences - Psychodynamic approach: - Gender schema theory: process involves much more than modeling. The psychodynamics Approach to Personality Freud’s theory of personality - Freud’s theory hypothesizes the existence of the unconscious, a region of the mind that conscious beyond conscious personal awareness. - Basic energy for personality development and functioning Instinct but might also be translated as drive and impulse. - Freud hypothesized that the life (or sexual) instinct and the death (or aggressive) instinct furnish the dynamic energy for personality development and functioning. - These instincts are the forces that underlie thought and action. Freud’s view of Gender Identity Development - Psychosexual stages Stages that continue through adulthood in a sequence named according to the regions of the body that were most important for sexual gratification. Early stages were the most important for personality development, emphasizing the importance of early childhood for personality
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
formation. Oral stage: babies receive sexual gratification from oral activities Anal stage: child receives pleasure from excretory functions Phallic stage: children 3-4, first stages that describes a different course of personality development for boys and girls Focus on genitals masturbation Focus on genital activity resulted in a sexual attraction to the parent of the other sex, and increasing desire to have sex with his parent. Occur on an unconscious level outside of children’s awareness Oedipus Complex kill his father and marry his mother, and all boys fell jealousy and hatred and aggression directed toward their fathers and sexual longing for their mothers. Boys in phallic stage: realization the differences between girls and boys (penis) fear of getting removed by father Castration Complex : belief that castration will be their punishment believe that girls have suffered this punishment and are thus mutilated, inferior creatures. Boys end the competition with father in order to resolve the issue to lose their penises Thus boys no longer feel castration anxiety, because they have given up the sexual competition that originated such feelings Boys also no longer feel hostility toward their fathers; they now strive to be like their fathers rather than competing with them. Boys also no longer desire their mothers sexually receive some vicarious sexual gratification from the identification with their fathers, who have sexual relationship with the mothers Boys develop a sexual identity that includes sexual attraction to women identifying with their fathers and
Background image of page 2
become masculine Girls penis envy Female version of the castration complex Hold their mothers responsible for their lack of
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 15

Chapter 5- Theories of Gender Development - Chapter 5...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online