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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Developing Gender Identity- Gender dysphoria: a dissatisfaction with their biological sex, provide puzzling cases for gender development- This chapter 1. Traces the process of gender development 2. Examines several sources of influence in the process of gender development 3. Considers hose individuals for whom the process diverges. Gender Identity Development- Gender identity does not equal gender role- Gender identity: identifying and accepting the self as male or female- Gender role behaviors: behaviors that are typically associated with males or females Development during Childhood- Infants posses the ability to tell the difference between male and female- 6 months preference for female over male faces- 24 months showed differences in gender-related vocabulary 1. Also shows gender-typical activities (attend longer to photos with gender typical activities than atypical activities) 2. Reflected their knowledge of what activities were an were not typical of men and women- 12-24 months girls (not boys) demonstrate some knowledge of gender- typical toys. - The sequence of childhood Gender role development - Toddlers under 18 months fail at gender labeling- Between 2-3 years ability develops to use gender words accurately- Knowledge of gender-related behaviors and the traits and behaviors associated with each gender develop after gender labeling- 20-28months some indication of understanding for the categories of male and female including objects associated with each category- Age 3 able to label the sexes, form groupings based on gender, exhibit some knowledge of behaviors typically associated with women and men. - Gender labeling predicted gender-typed play- Gender constancy 1) gender stability: the knowledge that gender is a stable personal characteristic ex) say she was a girl when she was a baby will be a woman when she grows up 2) Gender consistency: belief that people retain their gender even when they adopt behaviors or superficial physical features associated with the other gender. Ex) will say that a boy will remain a boy even if he grows long hair or puts on a dress- children could show gender stability without gender consistency can be confused by changed appearance or gender-atypical names Differences between girls and boys- girls are allowed greater leeway In behaving in ways typical of boys than boys are allowed in acting like girls- tomboy versus sissy- boys show greater knowledge of the male gender role than the female gender role --> 18 th month- Age 3 boys tend to show greater stability of gender-typed preferences girls develop gender knowledgeable about both male and female gender roles than boys are....
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYC 320 taught by Professor Sunainaassanand during the Winter '11 term at The University of British Columbia.
- Winter '11