chapter 9-romantic love - Chapter 9- Relationships...

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Chapter 9- Relationships Triangular model of relationships: - Robert Sternberg proposed a model of love that captures many of the elements: passion, intimacy, and Commitment evident of romantic love. - Intimacy = closeness - Passion = romantic and sexual attraction - Commitment = decision that love exists and the relationship should continue. - Companionate love: when individual share intimacy and commitment without passion conductive to lasting love relationships than the type of passion that often begins intimate love relationships. most people regard as good friendship. - In Sternberg’s model, liking occur when people share intimacy, but not commitment or passion. Friendships Development of Styles - Basic for gender differences in friendship begins early in development - tendency for children to segregate themselves according to gender. - Starting at preschool age and becoming more pronounced throughout elementary and middle school, children group themselves according to gender tendency to group into same gender association. - Interactions of pairs of 33- month-old children showed that children interacted more with those of the same rather than with the other gender
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- Children in same gender pairs were more likely to offer toys to their partners, try to take toys from their partners than the children in mixed gender pairs. - Pairs with a boy and a girl, the girls tended to be passive standing by and watching the boys play, and the boys tended to be unresponsive, ignoring what the girls said to them. - Same gender pairs: girls were active in their exchanges and the boys were responsive to their partners’ messages. Reason for segregation play would not be fun if your partner failed to react and did not listen. - Before age 3: may show preferences for playmates - Between ages 3 an 6 years : children begin to show signs of developing friendships, such as being able to name a person as a friend and even saying who is a best friend. - Friends were important source of companionship for these 2 nd , 3 rd , 5 th , and 6 th graders. Important part of the lives of preadolescents and it can promote healthy adjustment but can also be a negative influence . - Gender differences in friendships come from the different activities that girls and boys enjoy during middle childhood. ex: boys are more fond of rough and tumble play, and also tend to play in larger groups, to spend more time outside, and to engage in activities that involves gross motor skills. - jumping, throwing, and running. - Girls friendship is more fragile than boys as they seek more intimacy networks change more rapidly. - Ethnic background, and racial background are also the basis for self-segregation But showed less of an effect than gender as a basis for grouping!! When put into a position to choose, children crossed ethnic lines
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 307 taught by Professor Stevenheine during the Winter '11 term at The University of British Columbia.

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chapter 9-romantic love - Chapter 9- Relationships...

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