psych 307 Chapter 5 - [1] Chapter 5-Self and Personality...

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Unformatted text preview: [1] Chapter 5-Self and Personality Slide 1: How we perceive ourselves, and understand our identity plays a crucial role in how we think about many things. The self-concept is implicated in: directing what information we should attend to, how we derive meaning from events, the kinds of relationships that we have, our emotions, what we are motivated to work towards. Who am I ? Self-description might include some culturally shaped statements Ex) Im a Vancouver Canucks fan I am creative An inner attribute about the self Abstract stable (dont disappear during summer vocation) can exist by itself (dont need others around to be creative) I am a younger brother One cannot be a younger brother unless one has an older brother or sister Defines a role in terms of whatever ideas one has regarding appropriate behaviors or responsibilities that are relegated to younger brothers. Emphasizes a hierarchical relationship Highlights an experience of self that is connected with others Kenyans and American twenty statements Test Americans self descriptions personal characteristics (their traits, attitudes and abilities 48%) Indigenous Kenyan groups (samburu and masai) 2% of self description generally reflected their social identity (their roles and memberships 60%) social identify descriptions 7% in Americans [2] slide 2: Comparisons of European-Americans and Native Americans (Fryberg & Markus, 2003) Independent Versus Interdependent Views of Self Seminal paper by Markus and Kitayama (1991). Argued that much of what is known in social psychology, has been studied with people who share a primarily distinct view of self - an independent self. in much of the non-western world, in contrast, and interdependent self is more common. two ways people might see themselves Independent view of self Individuals identity are stable across situations and across the lifespan Unique no other individual possesses the same configuration of attributes Self contained perceived to arise from the individual and not from interactions with others- Doesnt overlap with others- Sense of identity is distinct from its relationships with others. - x: aspects of identity: what they think about when they think of their selves. (self-defining aspects of identiy)- Small x: other attributes, that is less important Dotted line:- Not a fixed distinction/ Flexible/ People from in-group could become outgroup Identity is experienced as largely independent from others. Important aspects of identity are personal characteristics. [3] Identity remains largely constant across roles and situations....
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 307 taught by Professor Stevenheine during the Winter '11 term at The University of British Columbia.

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psych 307 Chapter 5 - [1] Chapter 5-Self and Personality...

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