notes20.pptx - notes20 The Arab Spring is arguably running along similar patterns The uprisings came after decades of aggressive economic liberalization

notes20.pptx - notes20 The Arab Spring is arguably running...

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notes20 The Arab Spring is arguably running along similar patterns. The uprisings came after decades of aggressive economic liberalization – with huge social implications – and repressive political rule by autocratic cliques. A modest level of economic growth allowed the autocratic leaders to maintain an effective system of patronage, while giving the masses a small slice of the growing economic pie. However, growing volatility in global financial and commodity markets gradually undermined service-oriented and commoditiesimport-dependent Arab economies. This external shock accentuated structural maladies: endemic corruption; lack of significant improvement in state services; dismal levels of income inequality; and constant state repression. Faced with autocrats who were unwilling to compromise and introduce a crucial set of reforms, protests transformed into outright revolutionary movements. In all cases, it was a combination of economic mismanagement and lack of political opening which led to popular revolts. Looking at the economic roots of the Arab Spring, Lynch (2011)
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  • Spring '16
  • BOB
  • United Arab Emirates, Arab World, Sudan, Yemen

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