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08_PowerPoint - Chapter 8 Leader-Member Theory Leadership...

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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory Leadership Northouse, 4 th edition Chapter 8 – Leader-Member Exchange Theory
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory LMX Theory Description LMX Theory Perspective Early Studies Later Studies Phases in Leadership Making How Does the LMX Approach Work? Overview
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory Definition Leader-member exchange (LMX) theory: conceptualizes leadership as a process that is centered on the interactions between a leader and subordinates Some theories focus on leaders : trait approach, skills approach and style approach Other theories focus on the follower and the context : situational leadership, contingency theory, and path- goal theory .
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory Dimensions of Leadership LMX theory makes the dyadic relationship between leaders and followers the focal point of the leadership process
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory LMX Theory Description Development - LMX theory first described by Dansereau, Graen, & Haga (1975), Graen & Cashman (1975), and Graen (1976) Revisions - Theory has undergone a number of revisions since its inception and continues to be of interest to researchers Assumption - LMX theory challenges the assumption that leaders treat followers in a collective way, as a group. LMX - Directed attention to the differences that might exist between the leader and each of his/her followers Perspective Perspective
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory Early Studies The Vertical Dyad First studies of LMX called – Vertical Dyad Linkage (VDL) Focus on the vertical linkages leaders formed with each of their followers Leader’s relationship to a work unit viewed as a series of vertical dyads Vertical Dyads
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory Early Studies Leader’s work unit as a whole was viewed as a series of vertical dyads; leader forms unique relationship with each subordinate
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Chapter 8 - Leader-Member Theory Early Studies, cont’d. Researchers found two general types of linkages (or relationships) – those based on: Expanded/negotiated role responsibilities (extra- roles) = in-group Relationships marked by mutual trust, respect, liking, and reciprocal influence
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