Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome - FIRST ROMANS Ancestors of Romans migrated...

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FIRST ROMANS Ancestors of Romans migrated into central Italy around 1000 BC Settled near ford in the Tiber River Italian tribes inhabited other regions of the peninsula Greeks had several colonies in the south Etruscans had small empire in the north
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ETRUSCANS No one is sure where they originally came from Had 12 city-states in northern Italy Etruscan adventurers took over site of Rome City itself was founded during this period of Etruscan rule When several villages merged
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GROWTH AND INDEPENDENCE Rome became important link in the Etruscan trade network with the southern Greek city-states Grew in both size and prosperity as a result Borrowed many aspects of its civilization from both the Etruscans and the
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ROME CONQUERS ITALY Rome would take over former Etruscan territory During the next 100 years, Rome would gradually conquer all of Italy Including Greek colonies in the south Conquest of Italy made Rome a serious power in the Western Mediterranean And into competition
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CARTHAGE Carthage had been founded as a Phoenician trading post but had grown to be a wealthy and powerful city-state Had an empire that included much of the North African coast and eastern 1/3 of Spain It wanted control of Sicily and thus be able all naval traffic in and out of the Western Mediterranean Rome wanted Sicily too and these rival claims on the island led to war between the two city- states in 264 BC
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PUNIC WARS Three wars between Rome and Carthage fought between 264-146 BC First Punic War Primarily a naval war Rome had big disadvantage at
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SECOND PUNIC WAR Carthaginian general, Hannibal, invaded Italy from the north Defeated Roman armies sent to stop him time and time again But was not able to attack Rome itself Settled for devastating Italy Romans would not surrender Sent Scipio Africanus
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THIRD PUNIC WAR Rome attacked defenseless Carthage and burnt it to the ground All inhabitants sent to Rome as slaves Ground sowed with salt so that nothing would ever even grow there again
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Ancient Rome - FIRST ROMANS Ancestors of Romans migrated...

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