Arabs and Islam

Arabs and Islam - ARABIA Muhammad, the founder of Islam,...

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ARABIA Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born in Mecca
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MECCA Most important of the commercial cities along the Red Sea coast Had trade contacts with Africa and the Middle East Also served as religious center Contained shrine covering sacred black rock that Arabs believed the god Allah
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DISUNITY East of Mecca and other Red Sea cities lay the Great Arabian Desert Tens of thousands of square miles of shifting sand Home to the Bedouins Primitive nomads who herded flocks, conducted vendettas, raided caravans, and conducted inter-clan feuds
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MUHAMMAD Muhammad was born in 570 AD Orphaned while still very young and was raised by various uncles in the markets of Mecca Became semi-successful merchant when he grew up Became business manager of wealthy widow when he was 20 years old Later married her May have traveled to Syria on business and heard preaching of Christian monks
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VISION Muhammad began to go on meditation trips to the mountains east of Mecca when he was in his 30s. It was on one of these trips that he had his first religious vision in 610 Christian angel Gabriel appeared before him told him he was messenger of the sole God, Allah, and to spread His Word First in a series of visions
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THE PROPHET Muhammad even wrote poetic descriptions of his visions and compiled them in a book called the Koran (or Qu’ran) Holy book of Islam For millions of Moslems (“true believers”), Muhammad’s message constitutes God’s final message to mankind They believe that Muhammad was the greatest and last
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MUHAMMAD AND ALLAH Claims there is only one god and He is Allah Stresses absolute power of Allah above all else Duty of human beings is the worship Him Prayers of Islam are seldom prayers of petition They are mostly Arabic symbol for Allah
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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Arabs and Islam - ARABIA Muhammad, the founder of Islam,...

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