China, Mongols, and Japan

China, Mongols, and Japan - TANG DYNASTY Arose in China...

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TANG DYNASTY Arose in China around 618 AD May be the greatest period in Chinese history Founder of the dynasty was Taizong Considered to be greatest emperor to rule China
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Divided government functions between six ministries: state revenue, public works, defense, justice, personnel, and religious affairs Reorganized local administration Expanded civil service system started by the Hans Founded a university to prepare students for civil service exams Implemented flexible new law code and restructured judicial system to include courts of appeal Expanded Chinese territory by conquering Tibet—thereby opening door for trade with the West Built new capital city at Chang’an and engaged in many public works projects
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END OF THE TANG DYNASTY After Taizong’s death in 649, a long line of good emperors extended his work But after 760, the Tang Dynasty would produce no more great rulers Chinese power steadily declined as a result Last Tang ruler and his family were killed during a civil war and Chang’an was burnt to the ground
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CHANG’AN Planned city 30 miles square Held population of nearly one million people Another two million lived in suburbs Largest city in the world Crowded with markets and temples But was a government center before all else
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TANG BUREAUCRACY Bureaucracy was huge but performed its job honestly and efficiently Why? Board of Censors Spied on bureaucrats to make sure everyone did their job correctly Acted as court of appeals for anyone who felt they had not been treated fairly Educational system Promotion based exclusively on merit Weeded out the weak and mediocre Tang bureaucrat
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RESPONSIBLITY Power of government was immense Every urban neighborhood had its gates locked at midnight National urban curfew designed to reduce crime Peasants organized into “collective guarantee groups” Members had to police themselves and make sure
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SONG DYNASTY Song Dynasty founded in 960 by Zhao Kuangyin Would last until 1279 Did not accomplish anything noteworthy in the area of politics and military achievements
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China, Mongols, and Japan - TANG DYNASTY Arose in China...

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