India and China

India and China - HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION Civilization first...

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HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION Civilization first appeared in the Indus River Valley Centered on twin cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro Known as Harappan Civilization
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CHARACTERISTICS Encompassed most of modern- day Pakistan Produced barley and wheat Used copper, and then bronze, tools Traded with places as far
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MOHENJODARO Streets laid out on grid pattern Indicated planning Elaborate underground sewer system Used both for carrying off storm water and waste
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ARYANS Invaders from southern Russia Entered region around 1500 BC Destroyed Harappa and Mohenjodaro and massacred their inhabitants Plunged region into “Dark Age” Cities abandoned, writing forgotten,
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REVIVAL OF CIVILIZATION Urban life revived in villages in the Ganges River Valley around 1000 BC Inhabited by hybrid people (part Harappan/part Aryan) Evolved into city-states Caste system also evolved at the same time
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CASTE SYSTEM I Society was at first divided into four castes Warriors Priests Merchants/landowner s Small farmers/laborers System was not
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CASTE SYSTEM II System grew more complicated and rigid with time Ultimately there would be hundreds of castes Each was forbidden from having any social contact with the others At the very bottom were the “untouchables”
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MAURYAN EMPIRE 16 small city-states existed in the Ganges River Valley by 600 BC Each ruled by an individual with the title of raja One city-state grew in power at the expense of the others Magada Conquered entire
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ASHOKA Mauryan Empire founded by Chandragupta Maurya Most famous ruler was his grandson, Ashoka Began reign as a military conqueror but, following a battle in southern India, he decided to rule in a different, more gentle, way Chandragupta Maurya Ashoka
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MORE ASHOKA Promised to be mild with his subjects, always place their welfare before his own ambitions, and to refrain from offensive military operations Kept his word Engaged in numerous public works construction projects Dug thousands of wells Constructed thousands of
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END OF THE MAURYAN EMPIRE Within 50 years of Ashoka’s death, the Mauryan Empire collapsed Due to a series of invasions from barbarians to the north Shattered unity and plunged region into anarchy Characterized by a
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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India and China - HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION Civilization first...

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