jud and chris - THE HEBREWS Were originally a nomadic...

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THE HEBREWS Were originally a nomadic people who wandered out of Arabia around 2000 BC Settled in Sumer, near city-state of Ur Remained basically unaffected by Sumerian civilization But they did adopt a number of Sumerian myths The Garden of Eden
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ABRAHAM AND JACOB Group of them left Mesopotamia and migrated to Palestine Around 1500 BC Led by tribal chieftain named Abraham Most left Palestine after Abraham’s death Led by his grandson, Jacob Forced to move
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SLAVES Enslaved upon entering Egypt Victims of New Kingdom policy to enslave all nomadic groups who entered the country Joined other enslaved groups Mainly performed agricultural work
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THE EXODUS Group of Hebrews and other slaves left Egypt to return to Palestine around 1300 BC Led by Moses Egyptianized Hebrew No Egyptian record mentions any of the events of the Exodus Probably all
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THE WILDERNESS Became lost and wandered around the Sinai Peninsula for 40 years Years in the Wilderness Transformed during this period from a bunch of lost slaves into a unified people And the foundation for their unique monotheistic
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FOUNDATIONS OF JUDAISM “God of Abraham” transformed into YAHWEH Hebrews prohibited from worshipping any other gods Not yet monotheistic but heading in the right direction YAHWEH was petty, vindictive, and nasty But he did promise to put the Hebrews under his protection as long as they worshipped him and obeyed his rules In the form of the Ten
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UNIQUE FEATURE Egyptians and Mesopotamians believed that their gods generally preferred good over evil But their theologies did not demand ethical conduct Hebrews could only please YAHWEH by living up to the high moral standards embodied in the Ten Commandments, in addition to worshipping
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HEBREWS BECOME CIVILIZED When Hebrews made it to Palestine, they found it already inhabited by civilized peoples Canaanites (Phoenicians) Philistines Even though contact with these groups was mostly violent, it had the long-term effect of civilizing the barbaric Hebrews They adopted Phoenician alphabet Settled into cities
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