New Prehistory

New Prehistory - PREHISTORY Prehistory is the period when...

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PREHISTORY Prehistory is the period when human beings existed on earth but had not yet invented writing and therefore left no written records behind them Knowledge of them comes from physical artifacts that they left behind Tools, weapons, ornaments, garbage, and their skeletons Limits what we will ever know about them Will never know for sure that they thought about, how they organized themselves, how they inter-related with each other, or why they behaved the way they did »
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ORIGINS 3 million years ago, a group of small ape-like creatures appeared along the shores of the lakes of East Africa Brain capacity was larger than other apes of the region Developed complex social organization in which they lived together, and cooperated in hunting, food gathering, and defense
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EVOLUTION Became dominant species in region Made possible by superior brainpower Creatures evolved due to natural selection A biological process in which the best traits in a species are passed on and amplified from generation to generation while negative traits are
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MORE CHANGE Process of simultaneous evolution, population increase, and migration continued over several million years Caused more mental and physical change Caused groups of them to leave Africa and settle
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THE BEGINNING OF US This long-term process of evolution and migration resulted in the appearance of homo sapiens sapiens Around 200,000- 100,000 BC Lived in small groups in virtually every habitable place on the globe
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GROWING DIVERSITY Humans adopted behavioral patterns determined by the environment where they lived Minor variations also appeared among humans due to environmental conditions People who lived in northern regions lost much of the melanin
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Paleolithic humans supported themselves exclusively by hunting and gathering Did not establish
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New Prehistory - PREHISTORY Prehistory is the period when...

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