subSaharan Africa

subSaharan Africa - Worlds second largest continent...

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World’s second largest continent Earliest human beings appeared there and then spread to other areas of the world World’s second oldest civilization, Egypt, was in northeastern Africa Carthage was also located in northern Africa Kus h Axum Ghana Mali Great Zimbabw e
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KUSH Located south of Egypt in modern-day Sudan Flourished between 700 BC-300 AD Egyptian influences were of paramount importance in the development of this region Had trade contacts with Egypt since Middle Kingdom
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EGYPT AND KUSH New Kingdom would leave indelible mark on Kush Sons of elite were sent to Egypt for education Egyptian temples, gods, rituals, traditions, and
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BLACK PHARAOHS Once New Kingdom faded and Egyptian culture became diluted by wave after wave of foreign invaders, Kush saw itself as the guardian of pure Egyptian culture Even invaded Egypt in 750 BC to drive out nomadic invaders from Libyan Desert Occupied the country for 50 years
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GOLDEN AGE OF KUSH Kush was driven out of Egypt by the Assyrians But its greatest days still lay ahead Golden Age of Kush was between 300 BC and 100 AD Keys to its success were: Its location
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MEROE In general, Kush was rich in minerals but arid Not well-suited for agriculture Exception was the area immediately around the capital of Meroe Well-watered by Nile River and heavy annual rainfall Possessed a broad expanse of crop and pasture land that fed the entire kingdom and Meroe
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CULTURE Culture flourished in Kush Huge walls surrounded Meroe engraved with military victories, famous rulers, and gods Huge stone pyramids However, Kush abandoned hieroglyphics around 300 BC Developed their own alphabet
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Limited agricultural land around Meroe
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subSaharan Africa - Worlds second largest continent...

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