MESOAMERICA

MESOAMERICA - MESOAMERICA MOST LIKELY THEORY First...

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MESOAMERICA
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MOST LIKELY THEORY First Americans originated in Gobi Desert Some migrated to Siberia around 15,000 years ago Crossed Bering Strait in Alaska Land bridge probably existed at the time Gradually dispersed throughout North and South America
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NEW THEORY Ancestors of modern Native Americans originated in Europe Ice Age extended shorelines of North America, Europe, and Greenland far into the Atlantic Prehistoric people traveled along shoreline hunting and crossed over Settled here and gradually dispersed through hemisphere Exterminated by Central Asian immigrants who came later
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EMERGENCE OF INDIAN CIVILIZATION Indians developed different cultures depending on the ecology of the region where they settled Some developed true civilizations Those in southern Mexico, northern Central America, and the Andes Mountains in Peru
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OLMEC CIVILIZATION Appeared around 1200 BCE In swampy region along the Gulf of Mexico near modern-day Vera Cruz Not in a river valley Three major cities San Lorenzo, La Venta, and Très Zapotes
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OLMEC ACHIEVEMENTS Talented engineers and architects Built underground sewer system at San Lorenzo Built pyramids and palaces from stone Also carved giant stone heads Largest is 9 feet tall and weighs 15 tons No one knows their exact function Also developed a writing system and a system to record calendar dates
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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MESOAMERICA - MESOAMERICA MOST LIKELY THEORY First...

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