Renaissance and Reformation

Renaissance and Reformation - RENAISSANCE A new era was...

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RENAISSANCE A new era was born out of the chaos of the Crisis of the Late Middle Ages The Renaissance Made possible by the recovery of trade and commerce Happened in northern Italy first Intellectuals of the time saw it as a period of cultural rebirth
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REBIRTH Thought Renaissance represented the revival of the wisdom and artistic achievements of ancient Rome Did not look to Middle Ages for inspiration Saw it as a 1000 year period of ignorance and superstition presided over by a Church which stifled artistic and intellectual activity Called this the “Dark
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ANCIENT HERITAGE In their desire to find out as much as possible about “golden age” of ancient Rome, Renaissance intellectuals recovered much of our heritage of ancient literature, philosophy, and science Much of which had been moldering away in
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BIRTH OF HUMANISM Discovered that one of the main themes of this ancient body of work was human beings Their thoughts, aspirations, desires, governments, achievements Renaissance thinkers sought to duplicate this emphasis by questioning the medieval preoccupation with God Did not entirely reject religious themes but expanded their repertoire to include human
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MACHIAVELLI Best known humanist was Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote The Prince Advice book for rulers Argued that moral and religious considerations of “right” and “wrong” had no place in politics Rulers had to do what was best for them and their state, regardless of the alleged morality of the act Obtained these ideas from his study of Roman history and his
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RENAISSANCE ART Humanism had big impact on Renaissance art Architecture was derivative Just copied Roman ruins But few Roman paintings existed So artists drew their information from the philosophy of Roman art Devotion to “life-
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MORE ON ART Medieval artists had not been concerned with realism because their only goal was to glorify God and his Church Humanist artists wanted to do more than this and in their desire to portray human beings as realistically as possible, they developed new techniques: detailed preliminary sketches attention to shadow and light attention to pose, costume, and setting perspective anatomically accurate figure drawing
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LEONARDO DA VINCI THE LAST SUPPER
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LEONARDO DA VINCI MONA LISA
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MICHELANGELO CEILING OF THE SISTINE CHAPEL
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MICHELANGELO PIETA/DAVID
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RAPHAE L TITIAN RUBENS EL GRECO
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SHAKESPEARE Vernacular literature flourished during the Renaissance Authors wrote in their spoken language rather than in Latin Led to development of new literary forms, new stylistic devices, and growth of truly national
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Renaissance and Reformation - RENAISSANCE A new era was...

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