Greece and Alexander

Greece and Alexander - First people to move into Greece...

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First people to move into Greece came from Turkey around 3000 BC Remained a primitive Neolithic people for a long time
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MINOANS AND MYCENAEANS Came into contact with Minoan civilization on the nearby island of Crete Minoans were merchants who established trade contacts with early Greeks (known as
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MINOAN CIVILIZATION Minoan civilization based on huge palace complexes such as one at Knossos Top god was a female goddess called “The Snake Goddess”
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MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION Mycenaneans later invaded Crete and destroyed Minoan civilization forever Mycenaean civilization: No centralized state Just numerous small city- states Surrounded by stone walls Ruled by self-styled “kings” Primary economic activity
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CATASTROPHE Mycenaean civilization ultimately weakened itself by constant internal warfare Became the victim of new invaders who moved into Greece from the north around 1100 BC Ionians and Dorians Destroyed much of Mycenaean culture City-states were destroyed, stone
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END OF THE DARK AGE Population pressure pulled Greece out of the Dark Age around 800 BC In response to population explosion on Greek mainland, many left and settled in groups elsewhere Never lost their Greek identity, remained “Greek” no matter where they
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CIVILIZATION REVIVES With establishment of a world-wide network of colonies, the Dark Age came to an end Greeks rediscovered trade Adopted and modified the Phoenician alphabet
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THE POLIS Greeks organized themselves into independent city-states Through a long and complicated process of evolution during the Dark Age, Greek government was based on elected assemblies made up men who were eligible for military service Greek ballot (made from pottery shard)
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GREEK “DEMOCRACY” Polis govern ment was not
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LEGACY Polis government was still better than the god-pharaohs of Egypt or the absolute emperors of Mesopotamia Greeks met together in assemblies to work out policy and they elected their own leaders Citizenship was not as broad-based as we would like but at least the Greeks had rejected the idea that one individual had an
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In 499 BC, Greek colonies along the coast of Asia Minor rose up in revolt against Persian rule Persian emperor Darius I put down revolt with little trouble But he learned that Athens and several other city-states
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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Greece and Alexander - First people to move into Greece...

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