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US4 - THE REFORMATION Began in 1517 with the criticisms of...

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THE REFORMATION Began in 1517 with the criticisms of Martin Luther of certain practices within the Roman Catholic Church Various groups of former Catholics would break away from the Church and form their own denominations Known collectively as Protestants
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REFORMATION IN ENGLAND Reformation at first seemed to pass England by Situation changed during the reign of Henry VIII Pulled England out of Catholic Church when pope refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon so that he could marry Anne Boleyn Declared himself head of an independent Church of England and confiscated all property of Catholic Church
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NATURE OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND England’s break with Rome had not been motivated by religious concerns but by personal and political reasons Did not entail a basic rejection of Catholic doctrine or church organization Priests and bishops acknowledged king as their leader (not the pope) but little else changed Church of England remained Catholic in terms of organization, doctrine, and rituals
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PURITANS Small but influential group became increasingly critical of the strong Catholic flavor within the Church of England Began towards the end of the reign of Henry VIII Known as “puritans” Because they wanted to “purify” the Church of England of all vestiges of Catholicism John Milton, Puritan poet
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JOHN CALVIN French-born Protestant leader who made his headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland His doctrine, Calvinism, was a harsh, stern, and intolerant brand of Protestantism
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CALVINISM Calvin’s God was stern, angry, and unforgiving Saw man has hopelessly corrupt and sinful Nothing could appease him and nothing could help man achieve salvation
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PREDESTINATION All people were predestined God had decided at Creation whether a person would be saved or damned Nothing that anyone could do to change this fate
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SALVATION AND BEHAVIOR Although all deserved it, God did not doom all people to damnation He would notify those he had chosen for salvation through a personal, mystical experience In the meantime, people should prepare themselves for this notification by behaving in such a way as to demonstrate that they are worthy of this divine favor Read the Bible, attend church, work hard, exercise severe self-discipline Refrain from gambling, play-going, dancing, and wearing fancy clothes
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CONGREGATIONALISTS
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