US7 - THE BRITISH SYSTEM I British government did not set...

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THE BRITISH SYSTEM I British government did not set up centralized system to administer its colonies Did attempt to regulate trade with “Navigation Acts” Required colonists to sell their products only to England and by their manufactured products only from England Acts did not bother colonists much Preferred to buy manufactured products from England rather than not have them at all Received good prices for their agricultural products from England And if they didn’t like a specific provision of the Navigation Acts, they could easily get around it
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THE BRITISH SYSTEM II England did not interfere much with internal politics of colonies Institutions of local self- government generally tolerated by English governors British System Strict economic regulations which could be easily violated if they got in the way Sloppy political administration which allowed colonial assemblies a great deal of independence and authority Governor Thomas Hutchinson of Massachusetts
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By 1700, French had set up a string of forts stretching from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico
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FRENCH AND BRITISH COLONISTS Not interested in establishing agricultural colonies Engaged in trading, fishing, and hunting Hence their thin and scattered population No serious conflict erupted between French and British colonists as long as their homelands remained at peace But when war did erupt between England and France three times between 1689 and 1748, their colonists went to war against each other too
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FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR I 1754 Called “Seven Years War” in Europe War for control of North America “winner take all” struggle for control of the continent
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FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR II English seemed to have the advantage Outnumbered the French 15:1 But French had advantages too Had numerous powerful Indian allies English also did not have wholehearted support of colonists Parliament did not dare tax or draft them for the war Asked for voluntary contributions of money and men Some colonies complied but many dragged their feet or did comply at all Many colonial merchants continued to trade with French
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FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR III England won (1763) France forced to give up
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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US7 - THE BRITISH SYSTEM I British government did not set...

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