US9 - COMMON SENSE One of the most important factors in...

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COMMON SENSE One of the most important factors in convincing many Americans that complete independence was to only way to go was Common Sense by Thomas Paine Mobilized support of “ordinary Americans” for independence
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THOMAS PAINE Came to America in 1774 Had been a corset-maker and tax collector in England Failed in both careers Marriage also failed Arrived in Philadelphia Obtained job with Pennsylvania magazine Became friends with Dr. Benjamin Rush and John Adams Men who were privately discussing the idea of independence
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TARGET AUDIENCE Paine decided to bring issues involved in the conflict with England to the mass American audience Was very successful Because he came from that same audience Had been a craftsman and he spoke their language, knew how they thought, and knew what they wanted
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WHAT PAINE SAID (I) Began pamphlet with an attack on the principle of monarchy Argued that there was no reason why one person should be placed above everyone else because they happened to be born into a certain family
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WHAT PAINE SAID (2) Called on Americans to do away with their king and establish a republican form of government Did not provide many details Did say it should have frequent elections, a national legislature, and local legislatures for each state
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WHAT PAINE SAID (3) Argued that British economic policies had crippled American prosperity Stated that America would never be truly prosperous or “politically great” until it had completely broken from British control Independent, republican America would start a process of independence for all the people of the world who were not free
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POPULARITY OF COMMON SENSE Went through 25 editions and reached hundreds of thousands of readers in early 1776 Spread idea of independence from an educated elite to ordinary Americans
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THOMAS PAINE: PIONEER Paine was pioneer in a new style of political writing Marked by clarity, directness, and forcefulness Avoided fancy words, Latin phrases, and obscure literary allusions Aimed his work at ordinary people Not educated classes Expressed what they felt in clear terms they could easily understand
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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US9 - COMMON SENSE One of the most important factors in...

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