US11 Feds and Reps

US11 Feds and Reps - EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL PARTIES...

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EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL PARTIES Adoption of Constitution did not end political arguments that arose during ratification process By the time George Washington left office in 1796, two distinct and sharply opposed political parties had taken shape Federalist Party Led by Washington, Hamilton, and John Adams Republican Party Led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
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THE FIRST CABINET George Washington elected first president Under him were five executive departments created by Congress Departments of State, War, Treasury, Post Office, and Attorney General Washington appointed the best qualified men he could find to head these departments Alexander Hamilton as Secretary of Treasury Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of State
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ALEXANDER HAMILTON Strongly distrusted and disliked what he called the “common man” The small farmers and urban workers who made up majority of population Felt that they had too much liberty for their own good and that they were too stupid, selfish, and easily manipulated to be trusted to govern themselves Hence his promotion of the Electoral College
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HAMILTON’S PROGRAM I Believed that the wealthy upper class had an inherent right to run the government and that every effort be made to gain their support and participation Proposed program as Secretary of the Treasury designed to gain support of wealthy by causing them to look at government as sources of profitable investment and protector of their interests
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HAMILTON’S PROGRAM II Reforms included: Consolidation and payment of national debt Creation of a Bank of the United States New taxes Two purposes: Create a strong national government firmly under the control of the “rich and well born” Transform U.S. from a
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US11 Feds and Reps - EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL PARTIES...

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