US12 Jefferson

US12 Jefferson - REVOLUTION OF 1800 Jefferson avoided the...

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REVOLUTION OF 1800 Jefferson avoided the sober, formal, and ceremonial decorum of Washington/Adams years Walked to inauguration “rule of pell-mell” Did not dress up Did not make much of a physical impression
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POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY Believed that “government which governs least, governs best” Believed that federal government should conduct foreign policy and oversee relations between states But that was it Believed that the individual states should “have the principal care of our persons, our property, and our reputation”
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JEFFERSON IN ACTION Got rid of Federalist programs he thought represented excessive government interference into lives of citizens Especially Alien and Sedition Acts Reduced size of bureaucracy Fired tax collectors, federal judges Cut army and navy by 50% Closed U.S. embassies everywhere except England, France, and Spain Repealed Hamilton’s taxes All the money necessary to run government came from sale of federal land in West and import duties
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THE LOUISIANA TERRITORY France took control of Louisiana Territory in 1800 from Spain This bothered Americans for two reasons French possession of New Orleans gave them a stranglehold on American commerce on the Mississippi River Many envisioned the U.S. someday including the entire continent Would never happen if the French established colonies in Louisiana Territory
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A SURPRISE IN FRANCE Jefferson sent diplomats to France to find out what Napoleon planned to do with Louisiana Territory Napoleon offers to sell territory to U.S. for 15 million dollars A fantastic deal
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CONSTITUTIONAL ARGUMENT Jefferson had always been a “strict constructionist” Argued that if a power was not clearly spelled out in the constitution, then the government had no right to claim that power Jefferson uses “implied powers” argument to justify purchase Nothing in constitution specifically authorized government to buy territory from another nation Jefferson argued power was “implied” in the Constitution
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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US12 Jefferson - REVOLUTION OF 1800 Jefferson avoided the...

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