US13 North

US13 North - Large 50% of Over shift in Population Nine...

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Population increased by 600% between 1800 and 1860 31 million people by 1860 Over 50% of population lived west of the Appalachian Mountains by 1860 (at least 15 million people) Large shift in population from countryside to cities Urban dwellers increased by 300% between 1800 and 1860 Nine American cities had populations over 100,000 by 1860 New York: 1,000,000 Philadelphia: 500,000
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IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Proportion of Americans who made their livings as farmers dropped from 80% to 50% between 1800 and 1860 Cause was the Industrial Revolution Transformed traditional agrarian life Increased amount of goods that people could make by substituting machines for human and animal power Rationalized and streamlined the manufacturing process
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FIRST MACHINES First industrial machines were copies of British ones Brought over by immigrants from England Mainly machines used in the production of cotton textiles First industry to be completely mechanized was cotton textile industry Primarily located in New England Lowell and Lawrence, Massachusetts
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ELI WHITNEY Best known as inventor of cotton gin Also developed new method of manufacturing muskets Standardized interchangeable parts Eliminated skilled craftsman in the production process Made manufacture of muskets quicker, more efficient and less expensive Called the “American System” Quickly adopted by other industries such as clock making, sewing machines, farm machinery, and the Colt revolver
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PRIMITIVE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM National transportation system did not exist in 1800 Population spread over a huge area and linked only by a few rivers and crude dirt roads Made shipment of products over any distance very expensive, slow, and risky Jeopardized industrial development because it left market for industrial products largely untapped
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TURNPIKES 1000s of miles of turnpikes built by private companies and state governments after 1800 Charged tolls for their use A step in the right direction but still far from being a real interstate system of transportation
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STEAMBOATS Introduced a little before War of 1812 Quickly became dominant form of transportation on American lakes, rivers, and coastal waters Had greatest impact on the Mississippi River Over 1000 massive paddle-wheel steamboats in operation by 1860 Dramatically reduced cost of shipping products between North and South Transport of 100 pounds from New Orleans to Louisville cost 15 cents As opposed to $5.00 by barge
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US13 North - Large 50% of Over shift in Population Nine...

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