US15 Sectional Conflict

US15 Sectional Conflict - So-called Tallmadge Amendment...

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In 1819, the territory of Missouri applied for statehood Slavery already well established there: it had a population of about 60,000 and 10,000 of those were slaves When Missouri’s application was being considered by Congress, Representative James Tallmadge Jr. of New York introduced an amendment prohibiting the introduction of any more slaves into Missouri and providing for the gradual emancipation of those who already lived there So-called Tallmadge Amendment would start controversy that would rage for the next two years
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ISSUES By 1819, the concept of a balance of power between North and South was well-developed Ever since 1789, new states had come into the union more-or-less in pairs One from the North, one from the South In early 1819, the Union contained an equal number of free and slave states Eleven each Even balanced in the Senate, although free states had slight majority in the House of Representatives Admission of Missouri as a slave state would tip balance in South’s favor Federalists saw Missouri issue as way to revive their fortunes By appealing to Northerners on the issue of preventing the extension of slavery, Federalists hoped to win Northern Republicans away from the southern leadership of the party Wanted to create new sectional alignment of political parties that would benefit them A solidly anti-slavery Federalist North against a pro-slavery Republican South
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IMPASSE Southerners blocked Maine’s application for statehood in order to force northerners to drop their support of Tallmadge Amendment Speaker of the House Henry Clay announced that Southerners would continue to block Maine’s application if northerners refused to let Missouri in as slave state Total impasse Henry Clay
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Two-part compromise broke deadlock Engineered by Henry Clay Called Missouri Compromise or Compromise of 1820 Missouri let in as slave state and Maine let in as free state Balance in Senate remained equal—24 senators each To appease abolitionist sentiment in the North, a line was drawn along southern border of Missouri No slavery would be allowed in territory north of this line
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WHO WON? Northern anti-slave groups got a firm geographic limit to the extension of slavery Southern pro-slave elements got the Talmadge Amendment dropped and Missouri in as a slave state Real importance was that this was the first issue to divide America along sectional lines South clearly took one side and the North clearly took the other Division was papered over by compromise this time but, sooner or later, compromise would be impossible
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1824 Republicans had controlled White House from 1800-1824 Jefferson, 1800-08 Madison, 1808-16 James Monroe, 1816-24 Party became so divided by end of Monroe’s second term that four men, each representing a different faction within the party, ran for president in 1824 John Quincy Adams William H. Crawford Henry Clay Andrew Jackson James Monroe
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Dr.christopherguthrie during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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US15 Sectional Conflict - So-called Tallmadge Amendment...

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