US17 Civil War

US17 Civil War - NORTHERN ADVANTAGES 22 million people Only...

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NORTHERN ADVANTAGES 22 million people Only 9 million in South And 1/3 of them were slaves 4:1 military numerical advantage Huge advantage in industrial capacity Built 453 of 470 locomotives in U.S Manufactured 97% of all firearms State of New York produced twice many manufactured products as the entire South
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SOUTHERN ADVANTAGES I Easier military job to do To obtain their objective, all the South had to do was turn back invading forces from the North Did not have to conquer one inch of northern territory The North, on the other hand, had to attack and subdue a region as large as Western Europe
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SOUTHERN ADVANTAGES II Union army only numbered 16,000 men with limited serious combat experience in 1860 Best young officers were from the South and sided with the Confederacy Robert E. Lee, Joseph Johnson, P.T Beauregard Best and brightest young men in the North attracted to business; in the South they were attracted to the army To mobilize the people of the North into a disciplined, well-equipped and well-led fighting machine would be an immense and difficult job Robert E. Lee P.T. Beauregard
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SOUTHERN ADVANTAGES III No one in Washington knew how many draft-age males lived in the North Department of War had no detailed maps of the topography of the South No standard time or time zones in the U.S. Could be three different “correct” times in some cities Some southerners believed North lacked the courage and determination to win Others believed that war-weariness would eventually divide the North and lead to a peace movement there As was the case with the Viet Nam War in the 1960s/1970s
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SOUTHERN ADVANTAGES IV Confederate leaders knew that all the cotton used in northern textile mills and 80% used in Europe came from the South Could devastate northern industry by holding crop off market Could create such economic havoc in Europe that European powers would be forced to recognize an independent Confederacy and sell it manufactured products it needed If north established a naval blockade, England and France would run it and maybe join the South in the war
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CASUALTIES Bloodiest military conflict in U.S. history 600,000 men died More than combined U.S. casualties in WWI and WWII 7000 men killed, 33,000 wounded, and 11,000 MIA at the Battle of Gettysburg alone One out four young men who put on a uniform between 1861 and 1865 never made it back home
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WHY HIGH CASUALTIES? (I) Outmoded military strategy During Mexican War, soldiers use traditional smooth bore muskets Civil War troops had new and deadlier rifles Springfield .58 and Enfield .577 Artillery more accurate and lethal too Made frontal assaults an invitation to slaughter But frontal assaults had worked in the Mexican War, so generals used them over and over in the Civil War too » Result was carnage on a massive scale
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WHY HIGH CASUALTIES? (II) Germ theory of disease and
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US17 Civil War - NORTHERN ADVANTAGES 22 million people Only...

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