renaissance and enlightenment historians

renaissance and enlightenment historians - FRANCESCO...

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FRANCESCO PETRARCH Native of Florence/14 th century Wrote Lives of Illustrious Men Introduced new secular interpretation of history Viewed history as the story of acts of human beings acting on their own and motivated by personal goals
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NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI Born in 1469 Served the Republic of Florence Wrote The Prince Guidelines showing that the actual methods of governing had little to do with medieval political theory Argued that a wise prince had to know when to use duplicitous or cynical means Religious considerations or morality had no place in the decisions and actions of rulers Also wrote the History of Florence Depicted human behavior as motivated solely by opportunism and aggrandizement Not the invisible hand of God
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FRANCESCO GUICCIARDINI Wrote History of Italy Better historian than Machiavelli Carried out more research and understood more subtly the diversity of human nature Examined history of a larger geographic area, strove to provide a broad interpretative framework, and showed some of the connecting features of the Italian experience
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LORENZO VALLA Wrote Discourse on the Forgery of the Alleged Donation of Constantine Using philology, he demonstrated that the Donation of Constantine abounded with errors, inconsistencies, and anachronism Proved that it could not have been written during the time it was supposed to have been written (400 AD) Probably forged around 800 AD or so
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REFORMATION HISTORIANS Matthias Flacius Illyricus Published 13 volume Magdeburg Centuries Documented Lutheran assertions that Roman Cathoic hierarchy had distorted and perverted the teachings of Christ and the apostles Robert Barnes
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renaissance and enlightenment historians - FRANCESCO...

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