319 History of Animal Breeding

319 History of Animal Breeding - History of Animal Breeding...

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1 History of Animal Breeding Don R. Henneke, Ph.D.
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2 ANIMAL BREEDING Scientific application of genetic principles to the improvement of livestock populations Primary Function = production of high quality protein Essential for proper growth and development of MAN. Preferred = meat, eggs, milk
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3 Efficiency of Production Influenced by: HEREDITY Management Disease Control
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4 History Of Selection ± Prior to 1800 = Natural Selection ± Evolutionary adaptation = genetic response to the environment ² Tropics => Brahman ² Cold, wet => Hereford, Angus, Scotch Highland ² Mountains => Charolais, Simmental ² Desert => Angora goat
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5 ROBERT BAKEWELL ± “Father of Livestock Selection” ± Introduced the systematic, methodical selection of breeding stock ± Developed a population of superior breeding animals through selection for specific traits ± Closed the herd and utilized inbreeding and linebreeding to produce a herd possessing UNIFORM superiority
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6 European Expansion ± In the early 1800’s, movement of livestock over
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANSCI 319 taught by Professor Donhenneke during the Fall '11 term at Tarleton.

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319 History of Animal Breeding - History of Animal Breeding...

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