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Fuels - Introduction Introduction • Sources of Fuels(2...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction Introduction • Sources of Fuels: (2) • Combustion: – Definition: (2) – Chemical Break-Down: (2) Gasoline - C10H22 Gasoline • Hydrocarbon Make-Up: Hydrocarbon • Gasoline is Tested For: (4) • Octane Rating & Anti-Knocking Qualities: (6) Qualities: – – – – – MTBE Knocking: (1) Octane Rating & Related Terms: (7) Where does the Octane rating come from? (5) Determining Factors of an Octane rating: (4) Methods of Finding an Octane Rating: (3) Fuel Volatility (Gasoline) (Gasoline) • Definition: (1) • Seasonal Use Blends: (2) – Summer Blends: (3) – Winter Blends: (3) • Importance of Volatility & Blended Fuels: (2) – Winter Blends: (5) – Summer Blends: (2) Diesel Fuel Diesel Cetane Rating • Cetane Rating: (5) – – – – – Definition: (2) Opposite of Octane Rating: (4) Knocking/Detonation in Diesel Fuels: (3) Where does the Cetane Rating Come From? (2) Cetane Generalizations: (3) Diesel Fuel Diesel Fuel Grades • Grades of Diesel Fuel: (3) • Grade No. 1-D: (10) • Grade No. 2-D: (8) Diesel Fuel • • • • • • • Diesel Fuel Additives Additives that Increase Cetane Rating: (2) Dispersants: (3) Pour Depressants: Antioxidants: Metal Deactivators: Corrosion Inhibitors: Jet Fuel: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liquefied • • • • LP, LPG, Bottle Gas Types of Liquefied Petroleum Gas: (2) Butane Facts: (3) Propane Facts: (4) Advantages & Disadvantages of LP Gas: (2) – Advantages: (11) – Disadvantages: (7) QuickTim GIF deco are needed Methane Gas (Compressed Natural Gas) (Compressed • • • • • • • • 130 Octane 32,160 BTU/Gal. Stored @ 3000 psi Can be Liquefied: (3) Can be Created: (2) In Use for over 60 Years: Leading Countries: (3) Advantages & Disadvantages: (2) – Advantages: (9) – Disadvantages: (8) CH4 Alcohol As A Fuel Alcohol • • • • • Common Alcohol Fuels: (2) Historical Uses of Alcohol: (4) Ethanol: (Grain Alcohol): (8) Methanol: (Wood Alcohol): (5) Advantages & Disadvantages of Alcohol: (2) – Advantages: (8) – Disadvantages: (6) ...
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