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CMST_1150_-_Test_1_Notes

CMST_1150_-_Test_1_Notes - Exam 1 Review Overview of...

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Exam 1 Review Overview of Communication Studies 1. Where did Communication Studies departments originate? a. Art of rhetoric mid-400s B.C. in Syracuse, Sicily – Sicilians overthrew regime and formed democratic society – first task bring legal claims against tyrannical government 2. What was the focus of early departments? a. Corax and Tisias – first theorists and teachers of rhetoric – taught citizens how to present claims forcefully and effectively b. Aristotle, Isocrates, Plato – taught, wrote books, wrote laws, etc… c. 5 cannons of rhetoric i. Invention : The art of discovering ideas for speaking and arguments, or proofs to support claims and increase a speaker’s credibility. ii. Organization : The art of arranging ideas clearly and effectively, to enhance a speaker’s credibility. iii. Style : The art of speaking well, with grace, clarity, and vitality. iv. Memory : The art of familiarizing oneself with the content of one’s speech so that one’s energies can be devoted to delivery and interaction with listeners. v. Delivery : The art of presenting a speech effectively and in ways that enhance credibility. 3. How has that focus changed? a. Liberal Education i. 1800s-1900s in U.S. first major democratic nation w/ compulsory education 1. Rhetoric considered core aspect college education 2. In democracy need informed group of people because “rule of the people” 3. Public speaking increasingly important means of persuasion and influence ii. 19 th century universities held chairs of rhetoric held by distinguished scholars and civic leaders – John Quincy Adams iii. 1912 Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication was founded iv. 1914 National Association of Teachers of Public Speaking was founded v. Early 20 th century John Dewey championed progressive thinking in cultural life vi. 1914 Speech Teachers of America was founded… became National Communication Association in 1997 b. Broadening the Field i. Scientific empirical research emerged ii. 1950 International Communication Association was founded iii. Associated with social scientific tradition – favors quantitative methods of research iv. 1960s and 70s emerged interpersonal communication in response to unprecedented social and political upheaval of the time c. Communication, Power, and Empowerment i. 1960s relationship between communication and power in cultural life ii. Michel Foucault – concerned with who is and who is not allowed to speak in a society – who is important? d. Intrapersonal Communication i. Intrapersonal Communication : Communication with ourselves, or self-talk. ii. Use to plan our lives, rehearse different ways of acting, to prompt ourselves to do or not do particular things e. Interpersonal Communication i. Interpersonal Communication : Communication between people.
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