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1 - 3 What is the pleasure paradox The pleasure paradox...

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Brian Hagstrom PSYC 2000 Tue 6:00-9:00 Psychology 2000 Article Requirement Affective forecasting: Knowing what to want . 1. What is impact bias? Describe one example of this bias discussed in the article. Impact bias is where people overestimate the intensity and duration of their emotional reactions to future events even when they know what the future event is likely to entail. An example could be when college students overestimate how happy or unhappy they would be after being assigned a desirable or undesirable dormitory assignment. 2. What is focalism? What do Wilson and Gilbert suggest doing to reduce the effects of focalism? Focalism is the tendency to overestimate how much we will think about the event in the future and to underestimate the extent to which other events will influence our thoughts and feelings. Wilson and Gilbert suggest that people think about all the other events that will demand their attention in the future.
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Unformatted text preview: 3. What is the pleasure paradox? The pleasure paradox explains the way humans strive for pleasure and avoid pain. Humans not only associate feelings to stimuli, they also try and make sense out of them. By doing this they are able to strive for pleasure and avoid pain. However when they do this the events lose some of their impact. The way humans strive for pleasure actually diminishes the effects of pleasurable events. 4. Describe two consequences of immune neglect . One consequence of immune neglect is that when people rationalize negative events they relate them to incorrectly to positive repercussions. Another consequence of immune neglect is that people tend to put overemphasis on losses when comparing gains to losses in perspective decisions. They make losses more emotionally crippling than they make gains rewarding....
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