4 - personality and who are focused cognitively on...

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Brian Hagstrom PSYC 2000 Tue 6:00-9:00 Psychology 2000 Article Requirement The perils of perfectionism in sports and exercise . 1. The authors use the term “adaptive” and “maladaptive”. Describe what these terms mean and give an example from the article of an adaptive and a maladaptive dimension of perfectionism. Adaptive is when a person is capable of dealing with failure during times of perfectionism in a positive way. An example from the article is a self oriented dimension. Maladaptive is when the person is incapable of adapting to failure, so much that they promote a negative outcome. An example of this is a socially prescribed dimension. 2. What is the “Perfectionism Paradox”? The authors list 3 athletes for whom extreme perfectionism seems to have worked. Who are they? Despite the fact that there are many sports in which absolute perfectionism is required, negative, self-defeating outcomes and unhealthy patterns of behavior are evident among these athletes who are characterized by an extreme, perfection
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Unformatted text preview: personality and who are focused cognitively on attaining perfection. Three athletes for whom extreme perfectionism has worked are Bobby Jones, John McEnroe, and Serena Williams. 3. The authors cite a study by Frost and Henderson (1991). What did Frost and Henderson find regarding people with high concern over mistakes? People with high personal standards were associated with having both success orientation and a failure orientation both positive and negative depending on responses from other people. Athletes reported difficulty concentrating and experienced worries about the reactions of the audience while performing. 4. What did Wieczorek, Flett, and Hewitt find in their 2003 study with golfers? They found that self-oriented perfectionism is not maladaptive for successful golfers who perform at high levels of competition, it is however associated with negative thoughts and reactions to mistakes among less competitive golfers....
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course CMST 1061 taught by Professor Hebert during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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