5 - often miss significant changes to visual scenes tell us...

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Brian Hagstrom PSYC 2000 Tue 6:00-9:00 Psychology 2000 Article Requirement Change blindness: Theory and consequences . 1. Summarize the core (major) findings in the area of change blindness research. Changes during eye movement are usually unexpected and incidental to the observers task. They are also most often undetected. 2. One under explored issue is how individual differences in knowledge, personality, and expectations influence change detection and attention. Describe the findings and conclusion of the study which compared the ability of experts and novices (people unfamiliar with football) to detect changes in scenes from a football game. The difference in being able to detect change is directly attributed to knowledge and expertise of the subject. The more knowledge and expertise someone has on a subject, the more likely they will be able to detect changes. 3. What can we infer about visual perception, attention, and memory as a result of the finding of change blindness? (In other words, what does the fact that people
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Unformatted text preview: often miss significant changes to visual scenes tell us about the visual system?). Be sure to mention at least three explanations which have been offered. Change blindness does not contribute to conscious change perception. People often miss significant changes due to limitations on the capacity of their attention. Limitations on people’s memory and failure in the comparison process are two other factors that can lead to failure to detect significant changes. 4. What is change blindness blindness ? Describe how this phenomenon can affect behavior in real-world situations. Change blindness blindness explains that for incidental and unexpected changes people overestimate the abilities to detect the changes in their environment. This may be due to a misestimate of the person’s attention. One way this phenomenon can affect behavior in the real world is that a driver might be not see a pedestrian crossing the street due to use of his or her cell phone....
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