Chapter_17_-_The_Weaves_-Fall_2011_-_Student_Version

Chapter_17_-_The_Weaves_-Fall_2011_-_Student_Version - THE...

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Unformatted text preview: THE WEAVES Chapter 17 1 • Basic Weaves – plain weave – twill weave – satin weave 2 BASIC WEAVES Plain Weave • simplest & most common • interlacing warp & filling yarns over one and under one • any type yarn, many fibers • light to heavyweight fabrics • balanced/unbalanced 3 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Lightweight Plain-weave Fabrics Low count • cheesecloth – soft, open weave • crinoline or buckram 4 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Lightweight Plain-weave Fabrics • gauze – higher count than cheesecloth – medical dressings – blouses, dresses 5 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Lightweight Plain-weave Fabrics High count • chiffon – fine, highly twisted filaments – sheer evening apparel, lingerie • organdy 6 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Lightweight Plain-weave Fabrics • organza – silk, manufactured filaments • voile – higher twist yarns – 2-ply warp – soft • good drapability 7 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Medium-weight Plain-weave Fabrics fairly-high count, opaque • calico – closely woven • chambray 8 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Medium-weight Plain-weave Fabrics • chintz – large print design • gingham – woven check or plaid • colored yarns 9 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Medium-weight Plain-weave Fabrics • muslin – cotton or cotton blend – bleached or unbleached • percale – closely woven, plain weave – sheets • fine combed yarns • hi thread count 10 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Heavyweight Plain-weave Fabrics • butcher linen – heavy yarn – stiff white fabric • crash – nubby look fabric – thick & thin yarns 11 Balanced Plain-weave Fabrics Heavyweight Plain-weave Fabrics • homespun – irregular yarns – furnishing fabrics • osnaburg – low quality cotton – industrial use, curtains, upholstery 12 Rib Variations • unbalanced weave • most have crosswise ribs – large # warp yarns crossing over fewer, large filling yarns • corded fabrics – grouping yarns together in 1 direction – using large yarns at intervals 13 Rib Variations • bengaline & ottoman – heavyweight, large rib – upholstery, furnishings • broadcloth – medium-weight • crisp hand – fine ribs – cotton, cotton blends – shirts, blouses 14 Rib Variations • poplin – heavier-weight than broadcloth – cotton, cotton blend • taffeta – medium-weight – filament yarns – evening wear 15 Rib Variations • faille – prominent rib – fine filament warp & heavy spun filling – tissue faille • lighter weight • grosgrain – prominent rib – narrow widths 16 Rib Variations • shantung – nubby, irregular filling rib • bedford cord – pronounced lengthwise cord – sturdy fabric 17 Rib Variations • dimity – sheer cotton 18 Basket Weave • variation of plain weave • 2 or more warps & 2 or more fillings as one • loose weave – less durable than regular plain weaves – but more flexible • designated by # of yarns interlaced side by side 19 Basket Weave...
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Chapter_17_-_The_Weaves_-Fall_2011_-_Student_Version - THE...

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