Chapter_22_-_Adding_Color_to_Textiles_-_Falll_2011-Student_Version

Chapter_22_-_Adding_Color_to_Textiles_-_Falll_2011-Student_Version

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ADDING COLOR TO TEXTILES CHAPTER 22 1
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Adding Color to Textiles Decoration of textiles fabric construction color added thru dyeing color applied in patterns thru printing 2
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DYES AND PIGMENTS colorants natural/synthetic dyes/pigments dyes organic 3
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DYES AND PIGMENTS pigments organic or inorganic dispersed but not molecularly » added to liquid polymer » applied to surface with resin binder 4
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NATURAL DYES Dyes are fiber specific Fabric treatments for natural dyes natural acids or oxides mordant improve colorfastness react with dyestuff form colored lake 5
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NATURAL DYES woad herb plant 6
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NATURAL DYES kermes small insects 7
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Natural Dyes cochineal small insect 8
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NATURAL DYES murex shellfish white liquid 9
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SYNTHETIC DYES William Perkin, 1856 aniline coal tar mauve reddish-purple synthetic dyes replaced natural dyes many colors with same application method 10
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DYES, DYEING, AND THE SUPPLY CHAIN Design and Color Selection Color is not a fixed property of an object Color arises thru the interaction of 1. an object 2. a light source 3. an observer To communicate color thru supply chain: numerically-based standards spectrophotometer reflectance engineered color standards fabric swatches 11
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DYES, DYEING, AND THE SUPPLY CHAIN The Dyer Dyeing must match the standard color combination of dyes metamerism/metameric lab dips spectrophotometer Dyeing must be level Dyeing must be colorfast retain color during care & use 12
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DYEING PROCESS dye liquor water may need auxiliaries agitation 13
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Chapter_22_-_Adding_Color_to_Textiles_-_Falll_2011-Student_Version

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