Brazil - Controversies in Brazil Presented by Judy Wei 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Controversies in Brazil Presented by Judy Wei 1 Overview of Vanden and Prevost’s Chapter • Introduction • A Brief Political History • Democratic Interlude • Military Rule • The “New Republic” • Political Economy • Foreign Policy • Geography of Inequality • A Culture of Discrimination- Afro-Brazilians- Women 2 Overview of Vanden and Prevost’s Chapter • The Political System • The President • The Legislature • The Courts • Political Parties • Interest Groups • The Amazon • Brazil Today • Spot light on Brazilian Political Parties • Political Parties in Latin America in general 3 Introduction • One of the BRIC countries(Brazil, Russia, India, and China) • The fifth populous country • A mix of the indigenous Amerindians, 4 A Brief Political History • Independence from Portugal in 1822. • Agriculture elites dominated politics. • The Liberal Party and the Conservative Party developed to serve the Emperor Dom Pedro’s interests. • In 1984, Brazil was declared to be a republic and politics became the politics of the governors. • In 1930, Vargas replaced governors who did not support him. Brazilian politics became centralized. • The strong friendships between Brazilian military and U.S. troops resulted in close cooperation between the two armed forces. 5 Democratic Interlude Vargas began the process of developing political parties: • The Social Democratic Party(PSD) by a group of interventors representing the interests of their states. • The Brazilian Labor Party(PTB): consisting of urban labor and a system of control over workers • Opposition: National Democratic Union(UDN) • Vargas won the presidency in 1950 again as the PSD-PTB candidate. • UDN’s candidate Janio Quadros became president in 1961. Later, Goulart was sworn in as president despite military’s rejection....
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course POLI 103D taught by Professor Dr.hawn during the Fall '11 term at South Carolina.

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Brazil - Controversies in Brazil Presented by Judy Wei 1...

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