Example MC 3080 Section 3 U.S. Supreme Court Ruling SummarySchenck v. United States; Baer v. United States, 249 U.S. 47 (1919)Schenck v. United States, which is considered concurrently with Baer v. United States, is significant for mass communication professionals because that U.S. Supreme Court created the Clear and Present Danger Test, which established that certain expressive activities pose such an immediate threat of harm that the activities are not considered expression protected by the First Amendment (Schenck, pp. 52-53).Schenck and Baer, members of the Socialist Party, were charged for violating theEspionage Act by conspiracy of printing and distributing 15,000 documents encouraging drafted men to resist the draft. The Espionage Act is a United States federal law passed on June 15,1917. The act made it a crime for a person to cause or attempt to cause interference with recruitment of the United States military and navy (Schenck, pp. 48-51). Schenck and Baer challenged the application of the Espionage Act to sanction their expression. The U.S. Supreme Court granted
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Supreme Court of the United States, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Schenck